Home soil test kits include tablets and vials to test your soil, as well as a chart to interpret the results. With testing meters, you merely insert the meter probe into the ground and read the results. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for these home-testing solutions.
Arrange a Soil Sample to Send for Analysis
To arrange a soil sample to send for analysis, you’ll need a clean bucket, a garden trowel, and a clean plastic (not metal) container. The steps are simple, but they should be followed carefully to get an accurate reading.
Thoroughly clean the tools you are using to collect the soil sample.
In the planting area, dig five holes 6 to 8 inches deep.
Take a 1/2-inch slice along the side of a hole and place it in the bucket. Repeat this process for all holes.
Collect samples from different areas that will be growing similar plants.
Mix the soil in the bucket. Spread the soil on a paper to dry out. Collect a pint for your sample.
Bluegrass is the turfgrass of choice in colder northern areas. The color and texture are exceptional with the right growing conditions. Sunlight, good soil, and regular water supply are critical to a beautiful bluegrass lawn.
Centipede is a tough, low-growing, low-maintenance turfgrass. It grows best in the acidic soil of the lower South. Centipede has a rougher texture than most turfgrasses, but with proper care, it has excellent weed and pest resistance.
The Fescue family has several members, including fine fescue, Chewings fescue, creeping red fescue, hard fescue, and tall fescue. All varieties can survive cold winters well. Tolerance for heat, drought, shade, and wear varies by variety, so check the label for details. All fescue responds well to a regular fertilizing and aerating schedule.
Perennial ryegrass develops quickly and holds up to foot traffic. Ryegrass is a simple addition to cool-season grass mixes and the overseeding “wintergreen” option for warm-season lawns.
Prevention is the best weed killer. Each kind of grass has an ideal cutting height for good health and steady growth. When cutting do not lower than that height, and when cut before it gets too high, the grass will normally out-compete lawn weeds as long as it’s also fertilized and watered correctly. Longer grass helps block weeds in a couple of many ways. The taller increased shades the ground, keeping it retarding and cooler lawn weed seed germination. And once lawn weed seeds germinate, they don’t have as much sunlight as they require for hardy growth.
Mow Your Grass When It’s Needed
It’s also necessary to mow your grass when it’s needed. That’s when the grass is one-third before the right cutting height. Depending on the weather in your area and the time of year, this can mean mowing in every week or two, or every four or five days. Checking the height also means you’re clipping off weed seed heads before they can mature and seed your lawn.
The soil is made up of minerals, organic matter (living and dead), air and water. Soil provides nutrients and serves as a foundation for plants. Improving your soil increases plant health and is critical to growing a lawn or garden you’ll enjoy for a lifetime.
Plant Growth and Vigor Are Often Dependent on Soil pH
Plant growth and vigor are often dependent on soil pH. The measurement of how alkaline or acidic the soil is. Soil pH is measured on a scale of 1 to 14 with a measurement of 7.0 considered neutral. A number below 7 is acidic (sometimes called “sour”); a number above 7 is alkaline.
A soil test determines whether your soil is acidic, neutral or alkaline. A soil test also indicates which elements are missing from your soil and how much to add to remedy the problem. Soil test kits are available at different garden centers. These kits will provide an immediate analysis of your soil’s pH and nutrient levels.
Success with your lawn depends on different things. Not the least among them is growing the proper type of grass for your area. In general, northern areas grow cool-season grasses, and the southern regions grow warm season varieties. The transition area is capable of increasing both types with proper care.
Creeping grasses like bluegrass, Bermuda and most warm-season grasses spread by below or above ground runners. Crawling varieties are more likely to thatch.
Bunch grasses such as ryegrass and fescue spread from the crown of the plant. Mowing high protects the head and ensures the survival of the grass.
Few Types of Grass
Bahia is a tough turfgrass particularly suited to the humidity and heat of the South. It has a rougher texture than other turfgrasses, but because of this toughness, it can handle massive foot traffic with ease.
Bermuda’s aggressive growth habit gives it excellent weed protection. That same trait can be an issue when Bermuda invades flower beds. Bermuda is wear-resistant and drought-tolerant. Over seeding with rye will provide a green lawn during winter.
Your soil gives some of the nutrients that turfgrass needs but most grounds are not able to accommodate all of them during the entire growing season. An active and healthy growing lawn uses a great deal of energy.
Fertilizer helps your garden stay healthy by:
Replacing nutrients lost to leaching, volatilization and grass clipping removal
Aiding in recovery from foot traffic and pest damage
Promoting new leaf and root growth
Reducing and controlling weeds
Choosing a brand of lawn fertilizer
You must pick the right food if you expect a healthy, green lawn. Where you live, what kind of grass you have, what season it is all are critical factors in picking the right type of fertilizer. Our fertilizer buying guide helps you make the right choice.
If you are going to start a landscaping business, or if you only want to do this on your own in your backyard, there are specific materials that you need. An example of this would be gravel for a driveway you are putting in, or bricks to build the wall. It may also require different types of metal or glass. The kind of project you are working on, and the tools and machines that you have available, will affect the variety of materials that you will need to purchase. This is an overview of the different types of landscaping materials shared by the best Reno landscaping contractor that you may need for projects that you can do on your own, or that professional landscapers will bring to complete your project.
The Most Common Landscaping Materials
Some of the most common materials will include timber for building a deck, and concrete to lay a foundation. Concrete, as well as cement, can be used for walkways. You will need to have a mixer to create both of them. These materials will come in bags, sometimes pre-sorted, allowing you to only worry about adding water. If you do have an automated machine, this can help you mix everything. This will ensure that it is the proper consistency and that it will be straightforward to pour.
Other Materials That You Might Use
Bricks and mortar are also common materials. You could be creating a wall out back, or a walkway in the front or backyard area. It is also possible that you are building stone landscaping. This could be small rocks, as well as huge ones, all of which can be strategically positioned. If they are quite large, it is recommended that you are a lower landscaper to do this for you. They will have the proper tools to stand everything. You can also rely upon their expertise to coordinate what you are trying to accomplish, even though it may cost a little bit more money.
Crushed Granite Gravel And Glass
Two other materials that may not be as common are crushed granite gravel and glass. If you are using the crushed granite as a form of gravel, it is usually for decorative purposes. Most gravel that you purchase is going to be rounded, often the result of extracting this from riverbeds. Sometimes the granite gravel is next with other materials, perhaps a resin that will be both solid yet permeable. If you are using glass, it’s typically to create some structure such as a sunroom that you may have decided to build. Glass can also be used when placing a transparent fence around your deck, or around your pool, for safety reasons.
There are a few other materials that might be used including bitumen which is for people that are creating an asphalt driveway. This will also require the addition of aggregate material, fly ash, and other components that can form the perfect mixture of asphalt. However, you will need to purchase a machine that can heat this material to a high temperature to pour it. This can be dangerous, especially if you have never done it before. You might want to leave this up to professionals that can stream the asphalt for you, and the same is true when you are doing any metalworking which involves welding. This overview of landscaping materials that you may need for projects should help you understand what you need to purchase. If this is for a metalworking project, or an asphalt driveway, definitely consider getting estimates from local professionals that can help you with these materials.
Painting is a very soothing and relaxing hobby and you don’t have to go very far to get your inspiration. Painting landscapes is an excellent way to improve your painting skills and be able to appreciate the things that you have around you. By painting your natural surroundings you don’t have to go very far to get the very best landscaping you can. Your very own backyard can give you some impressive pictures to paint. Look for the different seasons of the year, when leaves start to change colors or even the dead and white winter can be beautiful.